To assess contentment, the Subjective Glee Scale (SHS) was utilized

To assess contentment, the Subjective Glee Scale (SHS) was utilized


One-dimensional survey contained four factors ranked into a good seven-part Likert scale (range: 1–7; measure accuracy: Cronbach’s leader = .82).

Brand new Pleasure that have Existence Level (SWLS) was applied to measure globally existence fulfillment . The five pieces of this-dimensional survey were ranked toward an excellent seven-section Likert size (1 = strongly disagree; 7 = firmly agree; scale precision: Cronbach’s alpha = .92) .

Determine resilience, one-dimensional German Strength Scale eleven (RS-11) was utilized [56,57]. Players ranked 11 facts to the good 7-area Likert measure (1 = disagree; eight = agree; size reliability: Cronbach’s leader = .91).

Personal experienced or expected assistance about social networking is actually measured for the you to-dimensional Italian language Questionnaire Social Help (F-SozU K-14) composed of 14 things rated into the an excellent 5-part Likert measure (step 1 = untrue; 5 = true; size precision: Cronbach’s alpha = .94).

Narcissism is measured to the thirteen force-options format items of the latest Narcissistic Personality Collection 13 (NPI-13; scale reliability: Cronbach’s alpha = .82) .

This new personality traits of your own “Large Four” had been reviewed with the Larger Five Directory 10 (BFI-10) . The fresh 10 issues have been rated into the a great 5-section Likert scale (step 1 = disagree strongly; 5 = agree highly). Respectively, two products belonged to at least one of five scales extraversion (measure reliability: Cronbach’s leader = .89), agreeableness (Cronbach’s alpha = .74), conscientiousness (Cronbach’s alpha = .82), neuroticism (Cronbach’s leader = .86), and you can openness (Cronbach’s leader = .79).

To measure this new participants’ care about-esteem, brand new Italian language variety of the brand new Unmarried-Items Worry about-Esteem Scale (SISE) was utilized . Professionals was basically asked in order to price towards a good 5-area Likert measure just how much the report “We have large thinking-value.” put on themselves (step one = far from the truth out-of me personally; 5 = very true off myself).

Brand new Anxiety Anxiety Stress Scales 21 (DASS-21) was applied to measure depression, anxiety and stress attacks [62,63]. The entire questionnaire contains about three legitimate eight-item bills, which were rated into 4-part Likert scales (0 = failed to apply at myself anyway; step three = used on me personally quite otherwise normally; size precision: depression: Cronbach’s leader = .83, anxiety: Cronbach’s alpha = .78, stress: Cronbach’s leader = .87) [64,65].

Furthermore, participants was asked about its social media have fun with. Basic, Internet sites explore is counted (“How many times is it possible you look online general?”). Next action, the new SNSs have fun with try examined (“How frequently do you really fool around with social media sites?”). The clear answer for issues gotten to the a great eight-part Likert scale (0 = never; step one = lower than monthly; 2 = several times thirty days; step 3 = weekly; cuatro = several times weekly; 5 = daily; six = over and over again a day). Upcoming, users have been expected whether or not they registered as a member of your SNSs Twitter, Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, Google+ or other system (0 = no; 1 = yes).

Statistical analyses

The fresh Mathematical Plan bbpeoplemeet for the Personal Sciences (SPSS) type 21 was utilized for everyone statistical analyses [66,67]. First, new technique of the fresh new investigated character traits and you can psychological state variables had been opposed anywhere between Myspace profiles and Twitter non-pages because of the calculating multivariate data off difference (MANOVA). After the Steven’s recommendation to not ever explore more than ten situated details in one MANOVA, i presented several MANOVAs. The first data integrated notice-value, narcissism while the “Larger Four” attributes. Due to the fact Box’s take to was non-high, i made use of Pillai’s shadow as the a multivariate test. The following investigation integrated the latest mental health details existence fulfillment, strength, societal service, contentment, anxiety, nervousness, and you can worry. Here, Box’s sample are extreme, ergo, brand new Hotelling’s trace statistics were utilized. not, all four multivariate tests shown equivalent abilities.

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